Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Developmental Disabilities?

What is a DD child?

What are Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDDs).

Intellectual disability1 starts any time before a child turns 18 and is characterized by problems with both: Intellectual functioning or intelligence, which include the ability to learn, reason, problem solve, and other skills; and..

What is the difference between intellectual and developmental disability?

“Developmental Disabilities” is an umbrella term that includes intellectual disability but also includes other disabilities that are apparent during childhood. … Intellectual disability encompasses the “cognitive” part of this definition, that is, a disability that is broadly related to thought processes.

What is a pervasive developmental disorder?

Definition. The diagnostic category of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) refers to a group of disorders characterized by delays in the development of socialization and communication skills. Parents may note symptoms as early as infancy, although the typical age of onset is before 3 years of age.

Is ADHD classified as a mental illness?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is a mental illness that affects the way you act and focus. ADHD is usually diagnosed in school-aged children, but it can continue to cause problems into adulthood. About two-thirds of people living with ADHD continue to experience symptoms as an adult.

What are some of the symptoms of developmental delay?

Some symptoms include:failure to respond to their name.resistance to cuddling or playing with others.lack of facial expression.inability to speak or difficulty speaking, carrying on a conversation, or remembering words and sentences.repetitive movements.development of specific routines.coordination problems.

What is the most common developmental disability?

What are the most common developmental disabilities? The most common developmental disability is intellectual disability. Cerebral palsy is the second most common developmental disability, followed by autism spectrum disorder.

Is ADHD classed as special needs?

ADHD is among the most thoroughly medically-researched and documented psychiatric disorders. ADHD qualifies as a disability under the Other Health Impairment (OHI) category of special-education law and as a disability under Section 504.

Is ADHD classified as a disability?

ADHD is not considered to be a learning disability. It can be determined to be a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), making a student eligible to receive special education services.

What are the top 10 disabilities?

Here are 10 of the most common conditions that are considered disabilities.Arthritis and other musculoskeletal problems. … Heart disease. … Lung or respiratory problems. … Mental illness, including depression. … Diabetes. … Stroke. … Cancer. … Nervous system disorders.More items…•

What is an example of an intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. … Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome are examples of syndromic intellectual disabilities.

Is anxiety a developmental disorder?

Anxiety is an emotion that is easily understood but eludes precise definition. … A developmental approach is particularly relevant to anxiety disorders as they are among the first psychiatric disorders to manifest.

What are examples of developmental disabilities?

Specific Types Developmental DisabilitiesAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.Autism Spectrum Disorder.Cerebral Palsy.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.Fragile X Syndrome.Hearing Loss.Intellectual Disability.Kernicterus.More items…•

What are the four types of developmental disabilities?

There are four main types of developmental disorders: nervous system disabilities, sensory related disabilities, metabolic disabilities and degenerative disorders. Many different subsets of disabilities nest under these four main groups.

Can a child grow out of a developmental delay?

Doctors sometimes use the terms developmental delay and developmental disability to mean the same thing. They’re not the same thing, though. Developmental disabilities are issues that kids don’t outgrow or catch up from, though they can make progress.

What is considered an intellectual disability?

An intellectual disability is characterised by someone having an IQ below 70 (the median IQ is 100), as well as significant difficulty with daily living such as self-care, safety, communication, and socialisation.

What is considered a mild intellectual disability?

A person is considered intellectually disabled if he or she has an IQ of less than 70 to 75. … Of those affected, 85% have mild intellectual disability. This means they are just a little slower than average to learn new information or skills. With the right support, most will be able to live independently as adults.

What causes a developmental delay?

Causes of Developmental Delay Genetic or hereditary conditions like Down syndrome. Metabolic disorders like phenylketonuria (PKU) Trauma to the brain, such as shaken baby syndrome. Severe psychosocial trauma, such as post-traumatic stress disorder.

What is considered a developmental disorder?

Developmental disorder or developmental disability means a severe, chronic disability of an individual who has a mental or physical impairment by the age of 22 which is likely to continue indefinitely and results in substantial functional limitations in three or more areas of major life activity.

Is ADHD considered an intellectual or developmental disability?

Along with autism, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, intellectual disabilities, learning disabilities, vision impairment and others, ADHD is also considered a developmental disability.