What Is Food And Water Borne Diseases?

What are food and water borne diseases?

Foodborne, commonly called food poisoning, and waterborne illnesses are conditions caused by eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated by microbes or the toxins they produce.

They typically cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea..

How do diseases spread through food and water?

Food- and water-borne illnesses may be caused by toxins created by growing bacteria; toxins produced by the harmful algal species; or contamination of food and/or water with certain bacteria, viruses or parasites. Many cases of food poisoning happen when someone eats food that has harmful bacteria in it.

What are examples of water borne diseases?

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

What do you mean by water borne diseases?

Water-borne diseases are any illness caused by drinking water contaminated by human or animal faeces, which contain pathogenic microorganisms.

Which diseases are caused by eating contaminated food?

The various diseases caused by contaminated food include: Salmonellosis, an infection caused by a bacterium of the genus Salmonella. Diarrhea and vomiting are coming your way! Cholera, a disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera.

What is the biggest cause of foodborne illness?

The biggest cause of foodborne illness is chicken. … Because we eat, and handle, so much chicken, there’s a greater chance of cross-contamination between raw and undercooked chicken and other foods. This is how to tell the difference between food poisoning and a stomach bug.

What are the causes of water borne diseases?

Waterborne illnesses have two main causes:Pollution e.g. dangerous levels of chemicals, nitrates or heavy metals in the water supply due to industrial pollution or the over-use of agricultural chemicals.Dirt & Contamination – Bacteria, viruses and parasitic organisms invisibly contaminate the water and cause disease.

What are the prevention of water borne diseases?

There are several ways to prevent these illnesses:Use good environmental management. … Practice good personal hygiene. … Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community.Drink properly treated water.

What are 5 food borne illnesses?

These five foodborne pathogens, also known as the ‘Big 5,’ include Norovirus, the Hepatitis A virus, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella spp., and Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 or other Enterohemorrhagic or Shiga toxin-producing E. coli.

What are the 3 main causes of foodborne illness?

Causes of Foodborne Illness The causes fall into the following 3 categories: Biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Bacteria and viruses are responsible for most foodborne illnesses.

What is the most common water borne disease?

10 Common Waterborne Diseases and How to Prevent Them!Diarrhoea. In India, diarrhoea is the most common waterborne disease. … Malarial fever. The plasmodium parasite mosquito is responsible for the spread of malaria. … Amebiasis. Protozoa is the microorganism that causes amebiasis. … Cholera. … Hepatitis. … Typhoid fever. … Viral gastroenteritis. … Cryptosporidiosis.More items…•

What are the three water borne diseases?

Water-borne diseases include the following:Polio.Malaria.Cholera.Dengue.Scabies.Typhoid.Anaemia.Botulism.More items…•

What are the effect of water borne diseases?

Waterborne illnesses can cause a variety of symptoms. While diarrhea and vomiting are the most commonly reported symptoms of waterborne illness, other symptoms can include skin, ear, respiratory, or eye problems.

How long does water borne illness last?

The duration of illness varies from hours (24–48 hours in viral and staphylococcal infections) to days, and even weeks for salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis.

What are the 6 food borne diseases?

Big 6 Pathogens. The FDA lists over 40 types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that contaminate foods and cause illness, but they have singled out 6 that are the most contagious and cause the most severe symptoms. They are E coli, Hepatitis A, Nontyphoidal Salmonella, Norovirus, Shigella, Salmonella Typhi.

Which disease agents may be carried by food or water?

About food and waterborne infections coli next in line (NIPH, 2016a, 2016b, 2016c): Norovirus. Campylobacter. Salmonella.