What Is The Difference Between Line And Load?

Which wire is line and which is load?

The terms are used in the context of a single device and electrical box, so that the wires that deliver power into the box are described as the line wires, the upstream wires, or the incoming wires, while the wires passing onward to other devices are described as load, downstream, or outgoing wires..

Is black wire a line or load?

The circuit’s hot wire (typically colored black or red) connects to the black or brass-colored screw terminal marked LINE. The white neutral wire connects to the silver-colored screw terminal marked LINE. The markings for line and load usually are printed on the back of the outlet’s plastic body.

Why does light switch have 2 black wires?

The bare or green-wrapped ground wires serve as a backup to divert the power safely away in case of an electrical fault. In most cases, two black wires will be attached to the switch’s two terminal screws.

What if there is no load wire?

If you don’t have a load then the dumb switches wouldn’t control anything. The load is the device being controlled, like a light. If there was no load wire going to a device then the switch wouldn’t do anything. … If these are your only two wires, then you would have no neutral as one is line and the other is load.

What color is the neutral?

whiteThe neutral is white, the hot (live or active) single phase wires are black , and red in the case of a second active. Three-phase lines are red, black, and blue.

What happens if you switch line and load?

Here’s what happens when somebody wires a GFCI receptacle with the load and line wires reversed: The GFCI will work, in the sense that you can plug in a hair dryer and the hair dryer will blow hot air. … If the load and line wiring gets messed up, a ground fault (radio in the tub) won’t trip the GFCI.

Is line or load the hot wire?

Line is the wire going from a current source into a switch. It’s upstream of the switched device(s). Line is always hot. Load is the wire going from the switch to the device.

What is the load wire?

The load wire connects your light switch to your light fixture. When the switch is “closed”, electricity flows from the light switch to your light fixture, turning on the light. … It is usually attached to a brass terminal on the previous switch. It is sometimes black or red. Also known as a hot, live or switch leg wire.

What happens if you mix up hot and neutral wires?

This happens when the hot and neutral wires get flipped around at an outlet, or upstream from an outlet. Reversed polarity creates a potential shock hazard, but it’s usually an easy repair. … The other wire doesn’t get connected to the earth, and it’s called the ungrounded conductor, or hot wire.

Why do I have 2 black wires and 2 white wires?

If there is power in both the up and down position of your light switch, than that is the hot power. If the light was fed power first than here is how you connect the wires. Take your black (hot all the time wire) and marrett it onto the white of the opposite cable (that brings hot power down to your switch).

Which wire is hot if both are black?

The black wire is the “hot” wire, which carries the electricity from the breaker panel into the switch or light source. The white wire is the “neutral” wire, which takes any unused electricity and current and sends them back to the breaker panel.

How can you tell which wire is positive and negative when black?

If the multi-colored wire is black and red, the black wire is the negative wire, while the red one is positive. If both wires are black but one has a white stripe, the striped wire is negative, while the plain black wire is positive.

What if both wires are black?

Black means hot, white signifies neutral, and green indicates ground. However, if you need to rewire a light switch or a plug socket, you may occasionally come across two black wires. It’s essential that you determine which black wire is hot before proceeding.

How do I know which wire is load?

Load Wire – Generally connected to the top half of your switch. If the wire is coming from the top of the switch box, it is likely your load wire. Line Wire – Generally connected to the bottom half of your switch. In some cases, line wires are marked with “line”, “pwr”, or a lightning bolt symbol.